Tagged: 1919 World Series

The Fix Is In

Eddie Cicotte takes the sign from Ray Schalk, winds and fires. OUCH! Cicotte drills the first Cincinnati Red, signaling the Chicago White Sox will throw the 1919 World Series. Baseball fans know what happened next. Eight White Sox players were accused, brought to trial, found not guilty, and then banned by new Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis. Chick Gandil, Eddie Cicotte, Happy Felsch, Shoeless Joe Jackson, Fred McMullin, Swede Risberg, Buck Weaver, and Lefty Williams were placed on the ineligible list, where they have remained ever since. 

The Black Sox scandal overshadowed the 1919 World Series. The Reds were largely ignored. So too was Cincinnati Second Baseman Morrie Rath who received the painful signal. Rath played for four teams in six seasons between stents in the Minors from 1909 to 1920. Connie Mack bought Rath from the Reading Pretzels of the Tri-State League on August 21, 1909. A month later, Rath went hitless in his Major League debut against the Cleveland Naps. On July 23, 1910, after playing just 18 games for Philadelphia, Rath and a Player To Be Named Later, Shoeless Joe Jackson, were traded to Cleveland for Bris Lord. Rath played 24 games for the Naps before his demotion to the Baltimore Orioles of the Eastern League. He stayed in Baltimore through the 1911 season, when the White Sox selected him in the Rule 5 Draft. He played 249 Games for Chicago before he was sold to the Kansas City Blues of the American Association in August 1913. He was again traded to the Salt Lake City Bees for Dutch Ruether in November 1915. The Cincinnati Reds selected Rath in the 1917 Rule 5 Draft. He finally joined the Cincinnati Reds in 1919 after spending 1918 in the Navy.

Morrie Rath was the recipient of the most famous Hit By Pitch in baseball history. (www.sabr.com)

Rath played 565 Games for the Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Naps, Chicago White Sox, and Cincinnati Reds. He posted a career .254 BA, .342 OBP, .285 SLG, 521 Hits, 36 Doubles, 7 Triples, 4 Home Runs, 92 RBI, 291 Runs scored, 83 Stolen Bases, 258 Walks, 112 Strike Outs, and 14 Hit By Pitch. Defensively, Rath was a good, not great, Second Baseman. In 4,518 Innings he had 2,817 Chances, made 1,167 Putouts, 1,565 Assists, turned 200 Double Plays, 85 Errors, for a .970 Fielding %. Baseball history is littered with players like Rath. Playing for multiple teams with a few successful seasons, before fading into history. 

October 1, 1919 was Rath’s most memorable game. The Reds hosted the heavily favored White Sox at Redland Field in Game 1 of the World Series. Reds Manager Pat Moran inserted Rath in the leadoff spot against Eddie Cicotte, who was 29-7 with a 1.82 ERA in the Regular Season. Rath waited as Cicotte fired his first pitch. SMACK! Rath trotted to First. Jake Daubert followed, singling to Right Center, Rath took third. Heinie Groh then  flew out to Left, allowing Rath to score. 1-0 Reds. 

Black Sox
The Black Sox lost the 1919 World Series and were then banned from baseball. (www.worthpoint.com)

Reds pitcher Duth Ruether allowed an unearned run in the Second. Cicotte walked Ruether to lead off the Bottom of the Third. Rath dropped a sacrifice bunt to Cicotte moving Ruether to Second. However, Daubert and Groh failed to drive Ruether in, stranding him at Second. The game remained tied 1-1. 

The wheels came off for Chicago with two outs in the Bottom of the Fourth. Runner on first when Greasy Neale reached on an infield hit. Ivey Wingo then singled to Right, scoring Larry Kopf. Dutch Ruether tripled to Left Center, scoring Neale and Wingo. Rath Doubled to Left, scoring Ruether. Daubert singled to Right scoring Rath. Chicago’s frustrated Manager Kid Gleason pulled Cicotte for Roy Wilkinson who retired Groh. 6-1 Reds. 

Morrie Rath
Morrie Rath was a good player that would have faded into history if Eddie Cicotte did not hit him to begin the 1919 World Series. (www.cincinnati.com)

Rath lined into an inning ending double play in the Sixth and grounded out to Short for the second out of the Eighth. The Reds won Game 1, 9-1. Rath went 1 for 3, 1 Double, 1 RBI, 2 Runs scored, 1 Hit By Pitch, and 1 Sac Bunt. Defensively he had 4 Putouts and 2 Assists. In Rath’s only Fall Classic, he played all 8 Games, with a .226 BA and .333 OBP. He collected 7 Hits, 1 Double, 5 Runs scored, 2 RBI, 4 Walks, 2 Stolen Bases, and 1 Hit By Pitch. In the field, he played 72 innings, in 40 Chances he had 21 Putouts, 17 Assists, 2 Errors, and 4 Double Plays.

Morrie Rath played his final Major League game a year after the 1919 World Series. He went 1 for 5 in a 6-3 Reds defeat on the final day of the season. Cincinnati finished third in the National League, 10.5 games behind the Brooklyn Robins. On January 4, 1921, Rath was one of three Players To Be Named Later and $10,000 traded to the Seattle Rainiers of Pacific Coast League for Sam Bohne. He ended his career playing 124 games for the San Francisco Seals in 1921. After retiring from baseball, Rath returned to suburban Philadelphia to run a sporting goods store. 


Sorry Charlie

It is not looking good for Pete Rose to gain reinstatement to baseball.  The report released by ESPN chronicling Rose’s gambling during the 1986 season, flies in the face of what Rose finally admitted a decade ago.  After his banishment in 1989, Rose steadfastly denied that he ever bet on baseball.  When Rose did admit to betting on baseball in 2004, he said it was only as a manager.  Now ESPN’s report says he bet on games while he was still playing.

What a shame.  Pete Rose was at the top of the baseball world.  He could have built a home at the summit, but instead he will forever be in the dark shadows looking up at the summit wondering why he cannot get back there.  Not sure if it is from ego, addiction, or just stupidity.  Regardless he broke the one rule in Major League Baseball that cannot be touched and he has faced severe punishment for it.

Yes Pete it really is that bad.  (www.seattletimes.com)

Yes Pete it really is that bad. (www.seattletimes.com)

Pete Rose has admitted to betting on baseball.  The rules on gambling in baseball are simple:

Section D of Major League Baseball Rule 21 states:

  1. Any player, umpire, or Club or League official or employee, who shall bet any sum whatsoever upon any baseball game in connection with which the bettor has no duty to perform, shall be declared ineligible for one year.
  2. Any player, umpire, or Club or League official or employee, who shall bet any sum whatsoever upon any baseball game in connection with which the bettor has a duty to perform, shall be declared permanently ineligible.

This rule has been in place since 1927.  Pete Rose was not alive when it became a rule, so he cannot argue that it was applied after the fact.  The rule greeted Rose when he entered professional baseball.  There are those who argue that players at one time used amphetamines like candy and thus they should be punished like Rose or Rose should not be punished like them.  The problem with the amphetamine user being compared to Rose is that at the time amphetamines were not illegal in baseball when they used them, but betting was illegal when Rose did.  We all make mistakes and must live with them; Rose is no different.

Pete Rose bet on baseball as a manager, and now it appears as a player too. (www.newsday.com)

Pete Rose bet on baseball as a manager, and now it appears as a player too. (www.newsday.com)

The recent push to bring Rose back into baseball has done a disservice to the game.  It seems like he is getting special treatment over players like Shoeless Joe Jackson, simply because he is a live and Jackson is not.  Just as baseball should not try to pick and choose which records to recognize from players in the steroid era, they should not pick and choose with Pete Rose.  Punish those who break the rules according to the rules you have in place.  Fail a drug test, 80 games. Fail a second test, good-bye for 162 games.  Fail a third test; hope you have a backup plan.  Like it or not, those are the rules.  In regards to gambling on baseball the rules are clear.  Bet on any game you are not involved in and you are suspended for a year.  Bet on a game you are involved in, you are permanently banned.

Pete Rose admitted to betting on baseball, but was it the whole truth?  It is looking like he held back the full truth.  There are no winners in this situation.  Baseball should have long ago celebrated Charlie Hustle, but his own actions he violated the rules of the game and his punishment prevents such a celebration from ever occurring.  Time has passed since Rose was banned, and the calls for his reinstatement have gained traction.  However, would this energy to get Rose back into baseball exist if he was not the all-time hit king, highly doubtful.  The rule book does not care if you are Pete Rose or if you are a player who appears in a single game.  If you break the rules, there are consequences.

Pete Rose will, and should, always be on the outside of baseball looking in. (www.thinkbluela.com)

Pete Rose will, and should, always be on the outside of baseball looking in. (www.thinkbluela.com)

There are those who want to look past Rose’s transgressions and reinstate him to baseball.  This would be a terrible mistake.  Sports and gambling have a long history together.  While there is nothing wrong with betting on a game, if you are not involved and can do so responsibly, there is something wrong when you bring even the hint of dishonesty, real or otherwise, to the game.  Shoeless Joe Jackson and seven other members of the 1919 Chicago White Sox were banned from baseball, even though they were acquitted by a jury.  The new Commissioner of Baseball, Kenesaw Mountain Landis, understood that even the possible appearance of dishonesty on the field could ruin baseball.

The disastrous impact of gambling on baseball has a more modern example, the Chinese Professional Baseball League (Taiwan).  There have been multiple game fixing scandals, which have drastically hurt the popularity and stability of the league.  The league has dwindled down to only four teams.  Sadly, the gambling issues in the CPBL have become as normalized as the steroid scandals in Major League Baseball.  The mob bribed players with money, women, and more, to intentionally lose games.  It is a common downfall for many in young men, including professional athletes, and the force of the mob behind these vices in Taiwan could easily come to Major League baseball and ruin the game.  If the bribes failed to secure the players cooperation in fixing games, the mob is not unwilling to use force.  The influence of mob connected gambling has led to players receiving threats to their safety, having been kidnapped, assaulted, and prosecuted.  Players and managers are quitting over concerns for their safety.  These are not signs of anything positive in the CPBL.

The CPBL has taken a majr hit due to gambling related game fixing.

The CPBL has taken a major hit due to gambling related game fixing. (www.skyscrapercity.com)

As a manager (and now presumably as a player) Pete Rose bet on the Cincinnati Reds to win.  This can be seen as belief in the team, but what happens if Rose started losing large sums of money?  What could have happened if his gambling connections “suggested” the Reds lose in a game they were heavily favored?  Charlie Hustle would run through a brick wall to win a game, but what if people are threatening to hurt his family?  What could he do then?  It is too easy to go from betting on your team to betting against your team, and subsequently influencing the game to ensure your team does not win.

Pete Rose made his own choices.  His insatiable fire for competition made him great as a player, but it also led to his downfall.  The man was a phenomenal baseball player, but no one is bigger than the game.  When you break the rules, you must also accept the punishments that have been laid out before you.  Rose accepted the lifetime ban from baseball.  Commissioner Bart Giamatti did not banish him. Rose chose to accept his fate.  You have to live with your decisions in life.  He knew betting on baseball was against the rules, and if he was caught he would be punished severely.  Rose gambled and lost.

Rose broke the unbreakable rule in baseball.  Strike one.  Rose lied about his betting on baseball for over a decade, and finally came clean in part to help sell a book.  Strike two.  Not telling the full truth regarding his gambling on baseball, does nothing to help his credibility and convince people he has changed his life.  Strike three.  Sorry Charlie, you are out.