Moe Berg played 15 seasons in Major League Baseball. While his career statistics will not jump out at you, Berg was a good player and an even better American. Berg’s career began in 1923 with the Brooklyn Robins. He spent two years in the minors due to poor play and missing spring training while traveling in Europe and attending Law School at Columbia University, before returning to the Majors for good in 1926 with the Chicago White Sox. Berg spent five seasons with the White Sox, before spending 1931 with the Cleveland Indians. He would spend the next two and a half seasons with the Washington Senators before returning to the Indians mid way through the 1934 season. Berg spent the final five seasons of his career with the Boston Red Sox, retiring after the 1939 season.
In 15 seasons, Moe Berg had a .243 Batting Average, 6 home runs, 206 RBI, and a .986 Fielding Percentage as a catcher. He played more than 100 games only once, in 1929 with the Indians (107). There are numerous players who have largely been forgotten by the passage of time who had even better numbers than Berg, however off the diamond is where Berg left his most important legacy.
After the United States entered World War II, Berg served his country as he worked as a spy, often behind enemy lines. He lent footage he filmed of Tokyo Bay he filmed while touring Japan, which was used in preparations for the Doolittle Raid. The Doolittle Raid was the American response to the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and showed that the United States could strike Japan.
Berg worked with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), collecting information in Yugoslavia for the American government to use in deciding if and how to support resistance groups during World War II. During his time in Yugoslavia, Berg met with and eventually helped to determine that Josip Broz Tito, future leader of Yugoslavia, was better equipped and supported to resist the Nazis. The OSS also enlisted Berg in investigating if the Germans had the ability or had already built a nuclear bomb. His efforts helped to determine that the Nazis had not developed the bomb.
His extensive efforts to protect his fellow Americans through his spying earned Moe Berg was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Individuals are given the award for “an especially meritorious contribution to the security or national interests of the United States, world peace, cultural or other significant public or private endeavors.” While Berg chose to not receive the medal, his family accepted it after he had passed away. Without a doubt Moe Berg was both a great individual and a great American. His contributions both on and off the diamond were those of an extraordinary individual.